By Matthew Pramas
Managing Editor

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Burlington released a report of 40 priests credibly accused of sexually abusing children since 1950. Many are dead and none of them still practice said the report. One priest, Charles G. Many, was an Edmundite accused of molesting boys in Vermont and Connecticut. He was not affiliated with St. Michael’s College. He is still alive in a retirement home in Williston, VT, according to Seven Days.

This is the list borrowed from The Roman Catholic Diocese of Burlington’s report.

Charles G. Many
Robert J. Baffa
Donald A. Bean
James E. Beauregard
Conrad A. Bessette
Paul M. Bresnahan
Donald A. Bruneau
James J. Campbell
Leo J. Courcy Jr.
Robert E Devoy
Joseph H. Dussault
John F. Eastman
James F. Foley
Edward C. Foster
William P. Gallagher
Edward J. Gelineau
John A. Guischard
John B. “Jack” Kenney
Dennis J. LaRoche
Michael K. Madden
James J. McShane Jr.
Brian E. Mead
Walter D. Miller
Joseph Maxime Mooney
George O. Murtagh
Stephen J. Nichols
Edward O. Paquette
George A. Paulin
Raymond C. Provost
Daniel F. Roberts
Forest W. Rouelle
Emile W. Savary
Ronald A. Soutiere
Richard E. Thompson
Charles A. Towne
Raymond D. Walsh
Donal D. Ward
Alfred Willis
Benjamin D. Wysolmerski
Mark L. Quillen

By Erin Hammer
Staff Writer

Returning students may have noticed that the package slips have become a thing of the past at Saint Michael’s College. Keys to your post box serve one purpose now– to pick up your letters.

The mailroom had to change from their old system of paper slips which was no longer being supported. This new system, which began officially on July 1, is an IOS program on iPads that involves a swipe of your KnightCard, said George Goldsworthy, manager of Print and Mail at St. Michael’s.

“It is still September, so we are working through some things,” said student worker Maddi Sousa ’21. “The iPads will log us out frequently and sometimes the students don’t fully understand.” When you visit the mailroom, there could be a line. “Sometimes the sheer volume of people is what causes the lines. Especially around 10:45 a.m., it’s a madhouse,” Sousa said.

Seth Bowman ’22 is a returning student who was unaware of the switch. “The third day of going to the mailroom was when I saw the posters and realized the slips were discontinued,” he said. While he did not adapt immediately to the change, he said he now grasps the new concept.

Although where you ordered from may show that your package has arrived, it does not necessarily mean it’s ready for you in the mailroom. “It may be delivered physically, but we don’t have it in our system yet,” Sousa said.

Students should continue to be patient when waiting for the email notification. If you have questions go up to the window and have your card swiped. If you have serious problems or questions, reach out to George Goldsworthy. You can contact him by email:, or by phone: (802) 654-2522.

By Melanie Roberge, Staff Writer

Vibrant, green, and full of life, the Farm at Saint Michael’s College is home to a wide range of crops, a handful of devoted student workers, and the shared goal of producing the best locally sourced food possible – all while battling the impacts of climate change.

To overcome these challenges such as a changing seasonal calendar or extreme weather events, student workers and volunteers put all their efforts towards to produce locally sourced fruits and vegetables for the campus dining hall, weekly farm stands, and community gatherings. This often means bed prepping, flipping beds, searching for hornworms, mowing, weeding, and more. Each week begins on Monday morning with a weekly harvest. Environmental studies major Annabelle Elvidge, ‘20, completed an internship on the farm this past summer. She began her non-harvest days off with a field walk, taking note of all the tasks that need to be done.

“We arrive in the morning, hair up and hands washed,” Elvidge describes. “We have a list of what we are going to be harvesting that day, and we either divide and conquer or we work together to cruise through the tasks.”

The education and dedication that goes into growing a number of varieties of tomatoes, squash, peppers, lettuce, and much more is essential to the success of the farm. Climate change remains one factor that forces farmers to learn to adapt to continue successfully to grow all these plants.

“It’s constantly changing,” said Jonah Fanelli, the assistant advisor of the farm. “Basically the climate is just getting more mild which means we can grow different plants. If you think of plants that are native to Vermont you think of apples. Now we can grow plants that are more typically associated with southern states and mid atlantic states.” Peaches are one example Fanelli describes as a crop that benefits from this more mild climate. In past years peaches wouldn’t have grown well in Vermont but with the warmer climate they now thrive here on the Saint Michael’s Farm.

Based on research conducted by UVM agroecology researcher Alissa White, the 2017-2018 New England Adaptation Survey concluded the major climate change impacts farmers are most concerned about are unpredictable temperatures, increased drought, and loss of nutrients due to heavy precipitation. These climate changes are affecting and changing the practices of farmers all over New England. Because climate change is recorded over many years and the Farm at Saint Michael’s College is small and relatively new, there aren’t many specific physical changes compared to those on larger farms.

“It’s a challenge just because it’s different than what we’ve done in the past, but that’s sort of the beauty of a place like this, that we can change pretty quickly,” Fanelli said “It’s not like we have acres and acres and acres of one kind of crop that grows just one way in just one climate. We have the flexibility to change what we grow from season to season.”

A dedicated team of student farmers adjust their crop plans to accommodate current climate challenges. Because of the reduction in resources to transport the food, organic practices used on the farm actually benefit the environment rather than take away from it, said Brett Matzke, a senior environmental education intern at the Farm. By treating the environment and the farmland with respect, the soil stays healthy and the produce is actually healthier to eat, benefiting both the consumers and the environment, he said.

“One thing that we do at the farm is crop rotation and that is is a good way to continue the health of your soil,” Matzke said. “The effects of people purchasing and supporting local food makes a big difference. In terms of working on a farm, it’s not so much realizing the effects of climate change but recognizing your impact on reversing climate change.”


By Lena O’Donnell

Visual Editor

You might know that the consumption of recreational cannabis has been legalized in Vermont, but you might not know that there are still plenty of rules surrounding it, especially on campus. The Defender interviewed Lieutenant Governor of Vermont David Zuckerman, whom you might see at the farmer’s market in Burlington on Saturdays selling produce from his farm, to get the lowdown.

Is weed legal in Vermont?

“It certainly is legal to possess it and consume it if you are 21 or older,” said Zuckerman in a phone interview. Governor Phil Scott signed the bill to legalize recreational use of cannabis in 2018. It says,

  • You must be at least 21 years old to consume cannabis.
  • You must grow your own plants (no one can legally sell recreational cannabis to you yet in Vermont).
  • There are other rules about the amount of marijuana you can have outside of your home (one ounce) and how many plants you can grow (no more than two mature plants or four immature plants).

“When I first ran for the legislature as a UVM student in 1994 I was partly campaigning on a platform to reform our cannabis laws, in large part because of that propagandic racist history as well as the current war on drugs’ racial and social implications and ultimately to try to make a cleaner, less adulterated product available to people who were consuming it anyway,” Zuckerman said.

But it’s illegal on campus, right?

“I wouldn’t say that it is “illegal” on college campuses because colleges and campuses don’t write laws,” Zuckerman explained. “ It may be against their rules, but that’s different than technically having it be illegal.”

But Zuckerman does warn that there is a reason the legal age is 21.” When one consumes, whether it be cannabis or alcohol or other mind-altering substances, there is a physiological effect happening. It’s been quite well shown that particularly in the teenage years the receptors to these various products become more prone to addiction later in life. I don’t think anybody thinks that’s a good idea.”

Do you consume cannabis now, as an adult?

“I certainly did consume quite a bit in my college years. I’m willing to be honest and say that. And through my 20s I used a fair amount. But I actually use it extraordinarily rarely now much to the stereotype of who I am’s chagrin. Because frankly between running a decent-sized and complicated farm and having a spouse with Lyme disease and having a young daughter and also serving in public office, there’s really not a window of time in the day for me to be in a state of mind that is not as fully functional as I like to be.

So, very rarely do I consume it these days, even though it’s legal. I just don’t have time.”

So why did you push so hard for legalization?

“At this point it could have been, and still could be an economic development tool in our rural areas much the way our microbrew industry is a tourist draw/jaw and economic tool.”

What would you say to other states that follow Vermont’s example in legalizing cannabis?

“Let’s develop this industry in a way that promotes smaller scale development, that really helps our rural economy and not have it be concentrated in the hands of a few corporate monoliths,” Zuckerman said.

“The second piece would be to remember that a lower taxation rate is likely to help cut out the underground economy. Third, in order to reduce youth access and consumption, legalization is a step forward because when you start to reduce the economic incentive to break the law by drug dealers then they will have fewer customers and be around less to offer to youth who would be otherwise unable to get it.”

What happens if you get caught with cannabis on campus?

“If you ask students on campus whether they know the federal law versus state law in terms of cannabis use most would have little to no idea,” said Hunter Johnson ’22, a resident assistant at St. Michael’s College. “Because we go to a private school we are federally funded, meaning we go by their laws not the state’s.” Recreational cannabis is still illegal under federal regulations.

“By federal law cannabis is still a schedule one drug,” said Doub Babcock, director of Public Safety at St. Michael’s. As Doug put it, “It is right up there with street-level heroin.” In more than 28 years in responding to public safety calls, Babcock said, he has not responded to one incident where there was a person in danger because they were using cannabis. But he warns that there is still a danger when it comes to driving under the influence of cannabis, Babcock said if he could categorize it he would lower it from a schedule one drug to the same level as alcohol where it can be legal, if consumed appropriately. As Doug put it to the feds, “It is right up there with street-level heroin.”

If you are suspected of consuming cannabis public safety or a resident assistant will ask to search your room. “When the officer comes up to your room you do have the right to refuse,” Babcock said, “The officer has the right then to go through the chain of command up through the Dean of Students or Vice
President of Student Affairs and make their argument [to] authorize the search.” This whole process
takes place immediately after the refusal. If cannabis is found in your possession, it along with any other
devices that can be used with it will be taken away.

Depending on the situation there are still some general repercussions if found on campus. Regardless of the situation you will be required to go to a meeting with Jeff Vincent who handles disciplinary action on campus. Doug commented, “If you have a personal use amount then that is really just a conversation.” One big thing that Doug emphasized was if the student(s) cooperate in a situation then the consequences would not be as big. This stems from his goal for students, “People [students] understand that here especially in this learning environment we [PublicSafety] become part of the infrastructure that you do not want to orbit too far from, what we want to be is a strong gravitational force to pull them back away from going completely off into the universe in the wrong direction.”